Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage that acts as padding between joints breaks down. Osteoarthritis is characterised by pain, swelling and stiffness within the joint which is often worse following periods of inactivity.
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A synovial joint is where two or more bones meet. All synovial joints have: -
• Cartilage which reduces friction and acts as a shock absorber.
• Synovial fluid which lubricates the joint
• Synovial membrane which produces synovial fluid
Under normal circumstance the synovial fluid is being constantly broken down and replaced in the body. However Osteoarthritis affects this function and the synovial fluid becomes watery and stops working properly, resulting in the joint cartilage gradually wearing away. This is the reason there is pain, stiffness and swelling in the joint.
Ostenil is a solution containing hyaluronic acid. It is injected into the space in the joint that contains synovial fluid and works by restoring the normal balance between the breakdown and production of hyaluronic acid.This in turn helps to encourage new cartilage growth which can mean a decrease in pain and an improvement in the stiffness and inflammation of the joint caused by osteoarthritis.
Ostenil does not contain any animal proteins which means it is very unlikely to cause an allergic reaction and is also suitable for use by vegetarians.